Wednesday, December 18, 2019

E-ciggies Are Harmful

There’s no two ways about it, e-ciggies are harmful! 

Researchers at University of California San Francisco had analysed data gathered from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH), which tracked e-cigarette and tobacco use and new diagnoses of lung disease in over 32,000 American adults between 2013 and 2016. 

This is said to be the first longitudinal study to link e-cigs to respiratory illness, and using a sample that represents the entire US adult population. 

The research concluded that e-cigarettes are not only harmful on their own, but that the effects are independent of smoking conventional tobacco. Yes, e-cigs could significantly increase the risk of developing chronic lung diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 

Although previous studies have also found a link between e-cigarette use and lung disease, these studies have looked at a single point in time, which makes it impossible to determine a causal relationship and say whether lung disease was being caused by e-cigarettes or if people with lung disease were more likely to use e-cigarettes. 

The findings of the said study, published online in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, showed that current and former e-cigarette users were 1.3 times more likely to develop chronic lung disease, while tobacco smokers were 2.6 times more likely. 

In addition, those who used both e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco – which the research team say was by far the most common pattern that they found among adult e-cigarette users – had triple the risk of developing chronic lung disease than those who used either product alone. 

Senior author Stanton Glantz, PhD said: “Switching from conventional cigarettes to e-cigarettes exclusively could reduce the risk of lung disease, but very few people do it. For most smokers, they simply add e-cigarettes and become dual users, significantly increasing their risk of developing lung disease above just smoking”. 

As Glantz reiterated: “This study contributes to the growing case that e-cigarettes have long-term adverse effects on health and are making the tobacco epidemic worse”.

In the League Cup quarter-final on Tuesday, Aston Villa thrashed Liverpool 5-0. 

Actually, the latter are the Under-23 team with some players only 16 years old. The competition has been called the Mickey Mouse Cup and it pitted Villans who were almost at full strength against the youngest line-up in Liverpool's history whose players’ average age was just 19.48 years. 

Anyway, in spite of the harsh scoreline, the Reds didn't disgrace themselves – they fought bravely and more importantly, they played the Liverpool way.

The real game for us is today where the FIFA Club World Cup gets underway in Qatar.

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